What is THC and CBD?


THC (delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol)  and CBD (cannabidiol) are cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds that give the cannabis plant its properties. They interact with receptors in the brain and body to create various effects.  Scientists have been able to isolate over 75 different unique cannabinoids from the cannabis plant in recent years. The most famous two, and the two that you will hear about most often though are still THC and CBD.  

THC is the primary psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. However, THC does more than make you “high.” It is known that it reduces nausea, suppresses muscle spasm, relieves pain, stimulates appetite, and amplifies sensory functions, just to name a few.

CBD differs from THC in one significant way: CBD is non-psychoactive. It won’t give you the “high” feeling THC would. CBD causes strong muscle relaxation, especially in the smooth muscle fibers (Dan Michaels, Green: A Field Guide to Marijuana), and has many medicinal benefits such as anxiety relief (neurotherapeutics), inflammation reduction, blood sugar management, psoriasis treatment, acne treatment and inhibited cancer cell growth, to name a few of many. (leafscience  

 The Entourage Effect

As stated above, the two famous cannabinoids both play an integral part of the medicinal and wellness properties of the cannabis plant.  These two major cannabinoids, along with other minor cannabinoids, such as CBN (cannabinol), CBC (cannabichromene), CBG (cannabigerol), And THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin), combine together to create what is known as The Entourage Effect.  Cultivators selectively breed in qualities that they are looking for while breeding out traits that are undesirable for a particular usage.  Imagine the different possibilities of combination! Think of it as a fingerprint - The Entourage Effect gives each strain of cannabis its unique properties.